Exploring ecosystem services in cities through the lens of resilience

This book project represents a joint initiative among the Beijer SUPER project, the Stockholm Resilience Centre Urban theme and collaborators within the Urban Network Research Group that consists of an interdisciplinary group of researchers spread over twelve cities on five continents: Bangalore, New Delhi, Cape Town, Johannesburg, Canberra, Helsinki, Istanbul, Chicago, New Orleans, New York City, Phoenix and Stockholm.

The consortium has agreed on a set of common research questions including the effects urban development has on the delivery of ecosystem services and what institutional capacity urban areas hold for sustaining critical services such as drinking water, clean air, and recreational needs. The book will be one of the common deliverables of this group.

In addition to invited contributors in this network, chapter authors will include top-ranked scholars within the Urban Resilience program of the Resilience Alliance Network and the ERA-net Urban Net research on sustainable urban development in the EU, as well as urban practitioners.

The book is edited by Stephan Barthel, Johan Colding, Thomas Elmqvist, Henrik Ernstson, Åsa Jansson and Cathy Wilkinson.


Description

Book content

Section I: Perspectives on ecosystem services, has a more theoretical focus, presenting the current regimes in knowledge and scientific premises on the relationship of resilience and ecosystem services. It also presents how biodiversity, economic performance, and social well being of cities depend on the generation and supply of ecosystem services outside and within cities.

1. Resilience and ecosystem services in a changing world. Thomas Elmqvist, Carl Folke and Charles Redman.
2. Biodiversity and ecosystem services in an urban context. Åsa Jansson. 
3. The economics of ecosystem services. Stephen Polasky.
4. The social articulation of ecosystem services: how humans are needed for ecosystem services to exist in urban decision-making.Henrik Ernstson and Sverker Sörlin.

Section II: Urban dependency on ecosystem services for human well being covers case studies of the interlinks between ecosystem services and the welfare of people in cities, as well as explores the challenges for cities to meet demands of ecosystem services.

5. Integrating ecosystem services in Canberra spatial planning. Guy Barnett
6. The role of the Omerli watershed, Istanbul for generation of ecosystem services. Azime Tezer, Ilke Aksehirli and Ayse Ozyetgin.
7. Learning from Hurricane Catharina for building resilience of ecosystem services. Douglas Meffer. 
8. Resilience challenges to meet demands of ecosystem services in African cities. Mark Swilling.
9. Chapter by Keith Tidball.

Section III: Adaptation and Transformation, investigates novel approaches and integrated social-ecological designs with the ability to improve resilience of ecosystem services in city-regions, in order for them to more readily buffer and absorb disturbance and potential stresses related to climate change and peak oil.

10. Restoring degraded urban ecosystems in New York metropolitan area. Steven Handel 
11. Lessons learned from the Chicago wilderness. Liam Henegham, David Wise
12. Adapting to peak oil and climate change: Lessons from the Transition Town Movement. Jonathan Crinion and Rob Hopkins. 
13. Resilience planning for climate change and biodiversity loss in the Netherlands. Robbert Snep and Wim van der Knaap.
14. The potential of urban commons for building resilience in urban social-ecological systems, Johan Colding, Stephan Barthel, Elinor Ostrom, Fikret Berkes, and Anna Lawrence.
15. Challenges and possibilities of integrating the resilience concept in spatial planning theory and practice. Cathy Wilkinsson.
16. Synthesis: Insights on resilience building of ecosystem services in cities and urban settings. Stephan Barthel, Johan Colding, Thomas Elmqvist, Henrik Ernstson, Åsa Jansson, and Cathy Wilkinson.