Arctic Climate Change Economy and Society - ACCESS

The Beijer Institute is one of the partners in a large research project (27 partners) Arctic Climate Change Economy and Society (ACCESS). ACCESS is a 4 year European program (2011-2015) involving over 80 researchers from nine European countries and the Russian Federation.

Anne-Sophie Crépin


Phone + 46 8 673 95 40
Fax + 46 8 15 24 64
Address: The Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, The Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Box 50005, SE-104 05 Stockholm Sweden


Climate change is strongly impacting both marine ecosystems and human activities in the Arctic, which in turn has important socio-economic implications for Europe. ACCESS will evaluate the latest Arctic climate change scenarios and establish their impacts on marine transportation (including tourism), fisheries, marine mammals and the extraction of hydrocarbons in the Arctic for the next three decades, with particular attention to environmental sensitivities and sustainability. 

The Beijer Institute is mainly involved in Work Packages 3 and 5.

Climate change and aquaculture

We address the impact of climate change on aquaculture in the Arctic. This expanding industry’s development can be enhanced by the effects of climate change. The Beijer Institute and other partners will map the current aquaculture production within the Arctic, together with the regulations and government systems in place. Also climate change effects on Arctic aquaculture will be reviewed as well as the effects from Arctic aquaculture production on the larger socio-ecological system. Productivity and location changes, along with employment are important effect variables to be considered.

Behavioural responses of stakeholders

Behavioural responses of stakeholders within fisheries will be elicited. Behavioural responses of stakeholders may lead to outcomes that are not necessarily encompassed in traditional economic models of resource exploitation, which often rely on individual rationality. Such deviations can lead to inefficient policies, and eliciting behavioural responses from relevant groups can assess whether deviations can be expected and try to quantify their effects. By utilizing experimental methods, the Beijer Institute will establish knowledge on how fishermen respond to policy interventions induced by climate changes

Frameworks for integrated ecosystem management

There is a recognised need to explore the possibility of establishing multi-sector frameworks for integrated ecosystem management in order to ensure a sustainable exploitation of resources in the Arctic region. This requires a serious and sustained multi-disciplinary, multinational effort. We aim at building a framework to analyse how economic activities and the provisioning of ecosystem services in the Arctic impact on each other. This framework will be useful to analyze the impacts of climate change in the region by focusing not only on the direct impacts on each activity but also on indirect impacts due to feedbacks from changes in the environment or in other economic activities.



Synthesizing outputs of all Work packaged 1-4, through placing the results in a social ecological systems context, will provide a holistic scientific basis necessary for a constructive analysis of economic impact, governance and uncertainty issues and the evaluation of possible solutions to ensure the sustainable development of human activities in the Arctic Region.

Beijer researchers involved in ACCESS:

Anne-Sophie Crépin, Åsa Gren, Therese Lindahl, Max Troell


For more information on the ACCESS-project