Aquaculture and Sustainable Seafood Production

Aquaculture and Sustainable Seafood Production

Beijer Program on Seafood and Aquaculture


In 40 years time the world’s population will need twice as much food as today. Agricultural food production is already heavily exploited and this is why interest in aquaculture is growing. Aquaculture, the aquatic counterpart of agriculture, has increased rapidly in recent decades, and today it produces almost as much fish and shellfish as capture fisheries. Aquaculture will be the only way for obtaining more seafood in the future. Its role in future global food supply and for food security is however not obvious, this despite that there potential advantages from farming fish and shellfish compared to land animals. We need to increase our understanding about how different aquaculture systems perform, both with respect to what kind of inputs that are needed but also how they impact on the environment and people. In addition, globalisation and climate change pose challenges for sustainable development and there is an urgent need to build a resilient global food portfolio. Beijer’s Aquaculture Programme takes on this challenge by looking at various factors that will enable aquaculture to positively and equitably contribute to global food security and this out from a broad systems perspective.


Key Research Themes

  1. Seafood Sustainability Metrics
  2. Resilience of Global Seafood/food Systems
  3. Seafood eco-certification and sustainable consumption
  4. Aquacultures role for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation


Key Questions/Issues

  • Can Aquaculture enhance the resilience of the global food portfolio?
  • How does Aquaculture relate to generation of ecosystem services, food security and for poverty alleviation in multifunctional seascapes/landscapes?
  • The implications from global/climate change for aquaculture development.
  • What does it mean to apply resilience thinking to food production systems?

Programme Director: Max Troell

Program researcher: Patrik Henriksson and Malin Jonell

Selection of recent and key publications



Collaboration network


Stanford University, USA; Andhra University, India; Inland Fisheries Research and Development Institute (IFReDI), Cambodia; Institute for Marine Science, Tanzania; Dar es Salaam University, Tanzania; Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute (KMFRI), Kenya; Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh; The WorldFish Center; FAO; Gothenburg University; Chiang Mai University, Vietnam; Institute of Resources, Environment and Sustainability, University of British Columbia; Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, Sweden; School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University, Canada; University of the Western Cape, South Africa; University of New Brunswick, Canada; Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research Ltd., Israel; i-mar, Universidad de Los Lagos, Chile; Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China; University of Connecticut, USA; University of Cape Town, South Africa; State University of New York; Stockholm Resilience Centre; James Cook University, Australia; Stirling University, Scotland; University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain; Nofima, Tromsö, Norway, Univeristy of Wollongong, Australia.